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Laminectomy

A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes part of the bone tissue of the vertebra, called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. This is a major spine surgery with residual scar tissue and can cause postlaminectomy syndrome. ...

Laminoplasty

Laminoplasty is an orthopaedic / neurosurgical surgical procedure for treating spinal stenosis by removing pressure on the spinal cord. The main goal of this procedure is to provide relief for patients who may suffer from symptoms of numbness, pa ...

Laminotomy

A laminotomy is an orthopaedic neurosurgical procedure that removes part of the lamina from the arch of the vertebra to relieve pressure on the spinal canal. A laminotomy is less invasive than traditional methods of spine surgery, for example, la ...

Meniscal cartilage replacement therapy

Replacement of the meniscus cartilage therapy is surgical replacement of the meniscus of the knee joint as a method of treatment of the meniscus which is so damaged that it would otherwise need to be removed.

Meniscus transplant

Transplantation of the meniscus and transplantation of meniscus transplantation meniscus of the knee joint that connects the thigh with the lower leg bone. Worn or damaged meniscus is removed and replaced by a new one from a donor. Meniscus trans ...

Microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty

Microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty is a minimally invasive technique for decompressing pinched nerves in the lumbar spine. A pinched or compressed nerves may result from herniated discs, stenosis of the lumbar spine or spondylolisthesis. The tradi ...

Osseoincorporation

Osseoincorporation refers to the healing potential of the bone tissue on the implant surface and the implant structure. Three-dimensional, porous implantable materials used in orthopedic and dental implant industries offer the possibility of ingr ...

Osteostimulation

Osteostimulation technique attempt to improve the healing of bone injuries or defects. However, it was not found to be effective in increasing bone healing. It is believed to work through the active stimulation of osteoblast proliferation and dif ...

Osteotomy

Osteotomy is a surgical operation where a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen or change its alignment. It is sometimes performed to correct hallux valgus, or to straighten a bone that has healed crookedly after a fracture. It is also used to corre ...

Percutaneous pinning

Percutaneous pinning is a technique used by orthopedic and orthopedic surgeons for the stabilisation of unstable fractures. Many fractures can be manipulated into wholly satisfactory positions, immobilized in their respective roles and grow toget ...

Reduction (orthopedic surgery)

The reduction is a surgical procedure to restore a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment. In this sense, the term "reduction" does not imply any sort of removal or quantitative decrease but rather implies a restoration: re ducere, i.e. ...

Reverse shoulder replacement

Reverse shoulder replacement is a type of shoulder replacement in which a normal ball and socket relationship of the shoulder joint backward, creating a more reliable connection with the fixed support. This form of shoulder replacement is used in ...

Stress–strain index

Stress–strain index of bone, is a surrogate measure of bone strength determined from cross-sectional scan BY QCT or pQCT. Stress–strain index is used to compare the structural parameters determined by analysis for QCT / pQCT cross-scanning result ...

Synovectomy

Synovectomy-a procedure in which the synovial tissue around the joint is removed. This procedure is usually recommended to provide relief from the condition in which the synovial sheath, or at their joint gasket inflamed and irritated and not con ...

Tendon transfer

Tendon transfer is a surgical process in which insertion of the tendon is moved, but the origin stays in the same place. The tendon transfer involves a redistribution of muscle strength, and not a vacation. The tendon is transferred to the distal ...

Adenoidectomy

Removal of the adenoids is surgical removal of the adenoids for reasons which include the breathing in through the nose, chronic infections, or recurrent earaches. The effectiveness of adenoidectomy in children to improve nasal symptoms of recurr ...

Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder. Cholecystectomy is a common treatment of symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder conditions. In 2011, cholecystectomy was the eighth most common operating room procedure, performed at hosp ...

Discectomy

Discectomy is the surgical removal of the abnormal disc material that presses on the nerve roots or the spinal cord. The procedure involves removing part of the intervertebral disc, which causes pain, weakness or numbness stress on the spinal cor ...

Exeresis

Removal may refer to surgical removal of any part or organ, roughly synonymous to excision. However, it may specifically refer to the cleaning of the uterus from its contents after the abortion such as vacuum aspiration.

Frenectomy

A frenectomy is the removal of frenulum, a small fold of tissue that prevents the organ in the body from too far away. It can refer to the frenulum in a few places on the human body. It is related to frenuloplasty, a surgical alteration in a fren ...

Limb-sparing techniques

Limb-sparing techniques, also known as retaining the limb or limb-salvage techniques, are performed in order to give patients an alternative to amputation. There are many different types of limb-sparing techniques, including arthrodesis, arthropl ...

Parotidectomy

In parotidectomy is the surgical excision of the parotid gland, the large and major salivary glands. The procedure is usually performed due to tumors that grow quickly and abnormally dividing cells. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Most parotid ...

Plasma coblation

Plasma coblation tonsillectomy is a procedure which involves the removal of tissue using radio-frequency waves. Coblation methods was from the 1950s and was designed so that errors can be removed to achieve surgical methods, free from defects and ...

Quadrantectomy

In quadrantectomy, also called segmental or partial mastectomy, is a surgical procedure for breast cancer in which one quarter of breast tissue is removed along with muscles of the chest wall within a 2 to 3 centimeter radius of a tumor. This pro ...

Tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both tonsils are completely removed from the back of the throat. The procedure is mainly performed for recurrent throat infections and obstructive sleep apnea. For those with frequent throat infectio ...

Tracheo-oesophageal puncture

In trachea-esophageal puncture is a surgically created hole between the trachea and the esophagus in a person who has had a total laryngectomy, a surgical procedure in which the larynx is removed. The aim of the puncture is the restoration of a p ...

VATS lobectomy

Anatomic lung resection, i.e. pulmonary lobectomy or pneumonectomy combined with removal of lymph nodes from the mediastinum is the treatment that provides the greatest possibility of long term survival in patients with early-stage non-small cell ...

Wide local excision

Wide local excision is a surgical procedure to remove a small portion of the damaged or problematic tissue with a margin of normal tissue. This procedure is usually performed on the breast and skin lesions, but can be used on any area of the body ...

Horizontal mattress stitch

Horizontal mattress suture technique suture is used to close wounds. It Everts skin well and spreads tension along the wound edges. This makes it ideal for maintaining the delicate skin as well as skin under high tension such as the distant edges ...

Seton stitch

The procedure involves performing a surgical-grade cord through the fistula tract so that the cord creates a loop that joins the outside of the fistula. Cord provides a path which allows the fistula to drain continuously, although its healing, an ...

Simple interrupted stitch

Simple interrupted suture suturing technique for closing wounds. This is the most commonly used technique in the closure of the skin. It is known as an interrupted stitch because the individual stitches are not connected, they are separate. Placi ...

Vertical mattress stitch

Vertical mattress suture, which is often called vertical Donati stitch type of seam used to close skin wounds. The advantages of the vertical mattress suture, which provides closure for both deep and superficial layers, and also allows perfect ev ...

Median sternotomy

Median sternotomy is a type of surgical procedure in which a vertical inline incision along the sternum after which the sternum itself is divided, or "cracked". This procedure provides access to the heart and lungs for surgical procedures such as ...

Nuss procedure

Operation of NASS is a minimally-invasive procedure, invented in 1987 by Dr. Donald NUSS for treating the funnel. He developed it at childrens hospital of the kings daughters in Norfolk, Virginia. The surgery usually takes about two hours. Throug ...

Thoracotomy

A thoracotomy is a surgical procedure to gain access to the pleural cavity of the chest. It is performed by surgeons to gain access to the thoracic organs, most often the heart, lungs, esophagus, for access to the thoracic aorta or the anterior s ...

Tracheobronchoplasty

In tracheobronchoplasty is a surgical procedure performed at medical institutions throughout the United States. It consists of thoracic surgery, during which the mesh is stitched to the outer part of the trachea of the patient through a series of ...

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is a type of thoracic surgery performed using small video camera that is inserted into the patients chest through small incisions. The surgeon can see the instruments that are used together with the anatomy on ...

Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy

In thoracic surgery, pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, also known as pulmonary endarterectomy is an operation that removes organized clotted blood from pulmonary arteries that supply blood to the lungs.

Vein stripping

Vein Stripping is a surgical procedure performed under General or local anesthesia to help in the treatment of varicose veins and other manifestations of chronic venous diseases. Veins "stripped" usually the great saphenous vein. The operation in ...

Endoscopic stenting

Endoscopic stenting is a medical procedure in which a stent, a hollow device designed to prevent the narrowing or collapse of the tubular organ, inserted endoscopy. They are usually inserted when the disease process has led to a narrowing or bloc ...

Greater sac

In human anatomy, the big bag, also known as the General cavity of the peritoneum or the abdominal cavity proper, cavity in the abdomen that is inside the peritoneum but outside of the Packing bag. This is due to the Packing bag through the openi ...

Intra-abdominal infection

Intra-abdominal infection is a group of infections that occur in the abdominal cavity. They differ from appendicitis to fecal peritonitis. The risk of death despite treatment, often high.

Lesser sac

Into the lesser SAC, also known as the omental pouch is a cavity in the abdomen formed by the lesser and greater omentum. Usually found in mammals, it is connected with the greater SAC through the omental opening or foramen of Winslow. In mammals ...

Retrograde appendicectomy

When you add a retrocaecal and adherent, or otherwise inaccessible, appendicectomy is done in retrograde fashion. Firstly, database is divided between artery forceps. The appendicular vessels are then ligated, the stump ligated and invaginated, a ...

ROSA

Rose is a medical robotic technology designed to minimize the traumatic effect of the operations of the Central nervous system. Rosa robots to assist medical professionals in conducting surgical procedures. Dew technology developed by the French ...

Decerebellate

Decerebellate rigidity due to damage in the cerebellum. The function of the cerebellum is to coordinate muscle activity. Animals with decerebellate rigidity opisthotonus show with extension of thoracic limbs flexion of the pelvic limbs rigidly ex ...

Decerebration

Decerebration is the elimination functions of the brain of the animal by removal of the brain through the brain stem or rupture of certain arteries of the brain stem. In the animal loses certain reflexes that are integrated in different parts of ...

Microvascular decompression

Microvascular decompression, also known as the Jannetta procedure, a neurosurgical procedure used to treat trigeminal neuralgia pain syndrome is characterized by severe episodes of intense facial pain and hemifacial spasm. The procedure is also u ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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